Eat Wild Foods Safely
- The Penobscot River and Environmental Contaminants: Assessment of Tribal Exposure Through Sustenance Lifeways
- Public Health Assessment for Review of Sediment and Biota Samples: Penobscot River, Penobscot Indian Nation, Maine (6MB pdf)
Connecting Water Quality with Human Health
Cooking Wild Game
- Game From Farm to Table (114 kb pdf)
(click on section titles in brown to expand or contract them)
CADMIUM IN MOOSE AND DEER LIVERS
In 1999, the Penobscot and Passamaquoddy Tribes worked together to collect livers from moose and deer harvested on tribal lands. This work was funded by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and was extremelly valuable to the tribes as moose and deer are subsistence foods for tribal members. Many tribal members reported that traditonally they removed the heart and liver from a moose and ate those organs first.
Cadmium is a heavy metal found in the environment that can cause extreme neurological problems even in low concentrations. Signs of cadmium poisoning include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pains, cramps and organ failure.
Current Advisory: Limit intake of deer livers to no more than 1 pound per week. Do not consume moose livers or kidneys.